Origins: Late 18th century to 19th century.
- Blacks in Classical Music: A Personal History by Raoul Abdul, 1977.
- Black Women Composers: A Genesis by Mildred Denby Green, 1983.
- In One Lifetime by Verna Arvey (William Grant Still’s widow), 1984.
- Hard Trials: The Life and Music of Harry T. Burleigh by Anne Key Simpson, 1990.
- The R. Nathaniel Dett Reader: Essays on Black Sacred Music ed. Jon Michael Spencer, original essays by Robert Nathaniel Dett, 1991.
- Follow Me: The Life and Music of R. Nathaniel Dett by Anne Key Simpson, 1993.
- The Music of Black Americans: A History by Eileen Southern, 1997. ︎
- Includes chapters on gospel, jazz, blues, Broadway, too—but I’m including here under classical for her important observations of Black composers who used spirituals and folk roots as inspiration for their compositions.
Dialogues on Opera and the African-American Experience by Wallace Cheatham, 1997.
- Listening to the Artifacts: Music Culture in Ancient Palestine by Theodore W. Burgh, 2006. ︎
- From spirituals to symphonies : African-American women composers and their music by Helen Walker-Hill, 2007.
- Blackness in Opera, ed. by Naomi André, Eric Saylor, Karen M. Bryan, 2012.
- Stand Up Straight and Sing! by Jessye Norman, 2014.
- Gay Guerrilla: Julius Eastman and His Music by Mary Jane Leach, Renee Levine Packer, 2015.
- It's Our Music Too: The Black Experience in Classical Music by Earl Ofari Hutchinson, 2016. ︎
- The Exile's Song: Edmond Dédé and the Unfinished Revolutions of the Atlantic World by Sally McKee, 2017. ︎
- Black Opera: History, Power, Engagement by Naomi André, 2018.
- The Heart of a Woman: The Life and Music of Florence B. Price by Rae Linda Brown, June 2020. ︎
FILMS & SERIES
FILMS & SERIES
- The Caged Bird: The Life And Music Of Florence B. Price, dir. James Greeson, 2015. 57 mins.
PODCASTS & RADIO
- Interview with the Afro-American Composer William Grant Still, 1949. 31 mins. ︎
- “At 100, Composer Margaret Bonds Remains A Great Exception” by NPR, March 2013, 9 mins.
- “The Colored American Opera Company” by Between the Liner Notes, January 2017. 26 minutes.
- “Songs We Love: Florence Price, 'Violin Concerto No. 2'” by NPR, February 2018, 14 mins.
- “Revisiting The Pioneering Composer Florence Price” by NPR, January 2019. 4 mins.
- “Why Has American Classical Music Ignored Its Black Past?” in Smarty Pants Podcast, September 2019. 31 mins.
- “The Gershwins' Porgy and Bess: Rise Up Singing” by WQXR and the Metropolitan Opera’s Aria Code, hosted by Rhiannon Giddens, January 2020. 43m.
- “Are We Hearing A Crescendo of Anti-Racism in Classical Music? with Dr. Kira Thurman and Ashleigh Gordon” in Getting Curious with Jonathan Van Ness, Episode #169, July 2020. 1hr.
- Library of Congress’ Entry on R. Nathaniel Dett (1882-1943).
- Library of Congress’ Entry on H. T. Burleigh (1866-1949).
- Library of Congress’ Entry on William Grant Still, (1895-1978).
- “Conversation with William Grant Still,” by Eileen Southern in The Black Perspective in Music Vol. 3, No. 2, 1975. ︎
- “The Classical Color Line” by Greg Sandow, The Village Voice, 1997.
- George Bridgetower (1780-1860) by Catherine Foster, Blackpast, January 2008.
- Edmund Dede (1827-1903) by Victoria Bishop, Blackpast, January 2013.
- Opera singer Luranah Aldridge in “Othello's Daughter” by Alex Ross, The New Yorker, July 2013.
“Vindication, Cleansing, Catharsis, Hope: Interracial Reconciliation and the Dilemmas of Multiculturalism in Kay and Dorr’s Jubilee” by Emily Abrams Ansari, American Music, Vol. 31 No. 4, Winter 2013.
- Study: “Racial/Ethnic and Gender Diversity in the Orchestra Field” by the League of American Orchestras, 2014. ︎
- “Black Composers Discuss the Role of Race” by William Robin, NYTimes, August 2014.
- “For Black Lives Matter, Classical Music Steps In” by William Robin, NYTimes, July 2016.
- “Florence Price, groundbreaking composer” by Katherine Stewart in Arkansas Times, February 2017.
- “A Compilation of Writings & Photographs on the Music of Julius Eastman,” curated by Dr. John Bewley, University at Buffalo Music Library, February to June 2017.
“Nora Holt” by Matthew Guerrieri, RBMA Daily, June 2017.
- “Overlooked No More: Sissieretta Jones, a Soprano Who Shattered Racial Barriers” by Michael Cooper, NYTimes, August 2018. ︎
- “Who was Samuel Coleridge-Taylor and what was he most famous for?” by Helena Asprou in ClassicFM, February 2019.
- “Meet the ‘Orchestra of the Street’ Bringing Classical Music to Rio’s Favelas” by Walter Thompson-Hernández, NYTimes, July 2019.
- “Classical music is overwhelmingly white & male. My orchestra shows that can change” by Chi-chi Nwanoku, The Guardian, July 2019.
- “Lift Every Voice: Marian Anderson, Florence B. Price & The Sound Of Black Sisterhood” by Alisha Lola Jones, NPR, August 2019. ︎
- “New World Prophecy” by Joseph Horowitz in American Scholar, September 2019.
- “Why Is American Classical Music So White?” by Tom Huizenga, NPR Deceptive Cadence, September 2019.
- On Thomas “Blind Tom” Wiggins: “The Tragic Story of America’s First Black Music Star” by Ted Gioia, Smithsonian, October 2019.
- “George Walker is the black composer you should know but don't” by LATimes, January 2020.
- Joseph Bologne, Chevalier de Saint-Georges: “'Black' Is Not His Name: Part I” & “'Black’ Is Not His Name: Part II” by Kristen Adams, Castle Skins, January 2020. ︎
- George Bridgetower: 'Black Is Not His Name: Part III by Kristen Adams, Castle Skins, January 2020. ︎
- “A Symphony to Link Africa and America” by Joseph Horowitz, The Wall Street Journal, February 2020.
- “When Black Conductors Aren’t Comfortable at Concerts, Classical Music Has a Real Problem,” by Brandon Keith Brown, LEVEL, February 2020. ︎
- “D-Composed Redefines Classical Music”by Janaya Green, Chicago Reader, March 2020.
- “9 black composers who changed the course of classical music history” by ClassicFM, June 2020.
- “To Make Orchestras More Diverse, End Blind Auditions” by Anthony Tommasini, NYtimes, July 2020.
- “Opera Can No Longer Ignore Its Race Problem” by Joshua Barone, NYTimes, July 2020.
- “Black Artists on How to Change Classical Music” interviews by Zachary Woolfe and Joshua Barone, NYTimes, July 2020.
- “Lifting the Cone of Silence From Black Composers” by George E. Lewis, NYTimes, July 2020. ︎
- “His Name Is Joseph Boulogne, Not ‘Black Mozart’” by Marcos Balter, NYTime, July 2020.